Indian women have faced challenges in accessing healthcare and employment due to the country’s patriarchal system of patriarchy, as well as the social stigma surrounding suicide.
In the past few years, the number of women who attempt suicide has increased by about 25% to nearly 14,000 in the country.
In 2016, a woman who was in her late 20s committed suicide after being rejected by a man she loved.
A woman in her 30s died after being sexually harassed.
India’s National Transgender Forum (NTF) estimates that 1.1 million people are transgender.
This figure is the highest among the 15 countries included in the 2016 Global Gender Gap Index.
The report noted that despite India’s efforts to promote gender equality and to eradicate the stigma surrounding the issue, transgender people still face a range of challenges, including limited access to healthcare and a lack of support for transgender people.
According to the NTF, one in five transgender people have been forced to flee their homes.
Transgender women also face harassment in many parts of the country and are often subjected to domestic violence and other forms of violence.
India, one of the most unequal countries in the world, also has a high rate of HIV infections among transgender people, with the number exceeding 3.5 million in 2016.
“Transgender people in India are under immense pressure to undergo gender reassignment surgery, but they are not afforded the same level of respect and rights as other Indian people, including the rights to dignity and privacy,” said the report.
In February, the Indian government introduced legislation allowing people to seek compensation from healthcare providers for medical treatment that they feel is not medically necessary.
A study released last year found that Indian transgender women are almost twice as likely to die from their injuries as the general population.
“Many trans women die as a result of lack of access to medical care,” the study said.
“It is a matter of utmost importance that trans women are included in any plan to improve access to health care and improve quality of life for all women.”
Indian society has long struggled to acknowledge transgender people and their struggles to find jobs.
In the past year, transgender rights have gained renewed attention following the death of the Indian transgender model, Nisha Jat, who was stabbed to death in November.
She was a model, model of what it means to be transgender and had an award from India’s largest fashion brand for her “fearlessness” in her struggle to come out.
Jat’s death prompted a debate on gender equality, with many in India questioning why a transgender woman was killed in such a “dangerous” way.
Some Indian politicians have also taken to the social media to discuss the issue of transgender rights, including the Indian Human Rights Commission (IHRC).
“Gender equality and transgender rights in India must be at the forefront of our agenda, not behind it,” the IHRC said in a statement last month.
IHrc Chairman, Praveen Tiwari, recently expressed his concern that the government is ignoring trans people’s needs.
“The government is failing to provide adequate support and access to care for transgender women and girls and is continuing to fail to recognise trans people as human beings,” Tiwary said.
Tiwari called on Prime Minister Narendra Modi to “address the needs of the trans community in a holistic manner.”